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Joseph Howard
Joseph Howard

Sonata No. 4 In D Minor, Op. 6: II. Larghetto


The second movement is a lively allegro. The material is derived from the first two bars and a half bar figure that occurs in sequences and responses. Although it displays some elements of classical sonata form, the movement's success is due more to the unpredictable interchanges between orchestra and soloists.




Sonata No. 4 in D Minor, Op. 6: II. Larghetto



This four-movement concerto resembles a sonata da chiesa. From the original autograph, Handel initially intended the concerto to have two extra movements, a fugue in the minor key as second movement and a final gigue; these movements were later used elsewhere in the set.


The opening andante larghetto is noble, spacious and flowing, with rich harmonies. The responses from the concertino trio are derived from the opening ritornello. They alternate between a graceful legato and more decisive dotted rhythms. It has been suggested that the three unusual adagio cadences interrupted by pauses prior to the close indicate that Handel expected cadenzas by each of the soloists, although the surviving scores show no indication of this.


The second movement is an allegro in D minor in a contrapuntal trio sonata style. The animated semiquaver figure of the opening bars is played in imitation or in parallel thirds as a kind of moto perpetuo.


The third movement is unconventional. It alternates between two different moods: in the stately largo sections the full orchestra and solo violins respond in successive bars with incisive dotted rhythms; the larghetto, andante e piano at a slightly quicker speed in repeated quavers, is gentle and mysterious with harmonic complexity created by suspensions in the inner parts.


In the opening larghetto in E minor the full orchestra three times plays the ritornello, a sarabande of serious gravity. The three concertino responses vere towards the major key, but only transitorily. The dialogue is resolved with the full orchestra combining the music from the ritornello and the solo interludes.


The first movement, marked larghetto affetuoso, has been described as one of Handel's finest movements, broad and solemn. The melody is played by the first violins in unison, their falling appoggiatura semiquavers reflecting the galant style. Beneath them, the bass part moves steadily in quavers, with extra harmony provided by the inner parts.


The largo e piano in F major is one of Handel's most sublime and simple slow movements, a sarabande in the Italian trio sonata style. Above a steady crotchet walking bass, the sustained theme is gently exchanged between the two violin parts, with imitations and suspensions; harmonic colour is added in the discreet viola part. In the closing bars the crotchet figure of the bass passes into the upper strings before the final cadence.


The last movement, an allegro in A minor, is a radical reworking of a soprano aria that Handel was preparing for his penultimate opera Imeneo. In the concerto, the material is more tightly argued, deriving from two fragmented highly rhythmic figures of 5 and 6 notes. Although there are unmistakable elements of wit in the imaginative development, the prevalent mood is serious: the sustained melodic interludes in the upper strings are tinged by unexpected flattened notes. In the coda, the first concertino violin restates the main theme, joined two bars later in thirds by the other solo violin and finally by repeated sustained pianissimo chords in the ripieno, modulating through unexpected keys. This is answered twice by two forte unison cadences, the second bringing the movement to a close.


The delightful fifth allegro is written for full orchestra. The rollicking first subject is derived from the twenty third sonata in Domenico Scarlatti's Essercizi Gravicembalo of 1738. The subsequent repeated semiquaver passage-work over a walking bass recalls the style of Georg Philipp Telemann. Handel, however, treats the material in a wholly original way: the virtuoso movement is full of purpose with an unmistakable sense of direction, as the discords between the upper parts ineluctably resolve themselves.


The final menuet, marked un poco larghetto, is a more direct reworking of the minuet in the overture to the Ode. The first statement of the theme is melodically pruned down, so that the quaver figure in the response gives the impression of a variation. This warm-hearted and solid movement was added at a later stage by Handel, perhaps because it provided a more effective way to end the concerto than the brilliant fifth movement.


The central third movement, marked Larghetto e piano, contains one of the most beautiful melodies written by Handel. With its quiet gravity, it is similar to the andante larghetto, sometimes referred to as the "minuet", in the overture to the opera Berenice, which Charles Burney described as "one of the most graceful and pleasing movements that has ever been composed".[22] The melody in 34 time and E major is simple and regular with a wide range with a chaconne-like bass. After its statement, it is varied twice, the first time with a quaver walking bass, then with the melody itself played in quavers.


This is a list of compositions that feature the violoncello, including solo works, sonatas, concerti, transcriptions and even chamber music pieces that feature the cello.Order is by surname of composer and also LCC classification method.


Handel: Concerto Grosso, op. 6, no. 4 Haydn: Symphony No. 104 "London"Haydn: Missa in Angustiis "Nelson Mass" George Frideric Handel (1686-1759) Concerto Grosso in a minor, op. 6, no. 4


Mozart is central to the repertoire of Christian Zacharias, born in 1950 and a pianist whose clarity, elegance, perception and wit make him a master of the Classical style. The New York Times has described his playing as "Apollonian... notable for it's probing insights and carefully wrought details". Comprising the piano concertos Nos 5-27, the complete piano sonatas and a selection of chamber music, this 15CD box shows Zacharias as both a soloist of prowess and as a sensitive partner to such fellow instrumentalists as Sabine Meyer, Frank Peter Zimmermann and Tabea Zimmermann.


Thissonata comes from a collection of twelve which make up Handel's opus 1. The twelve sonatas are for a variety ofinstruments with continuo accompaniment. Handel wrote these for the professionalmusicians of his London opera orchestra. Prominent bass parts give the sonatasa contrapuntal strength and vitality, and Handel keeps the virtuosic demands inbalance with the melodic ideas. For this reason, they are among the mostattractive Baroque solo sonatas and deserve their lasting popularity. Callipygian Players


Tomaso Albinoni is one of the greatest composers of the Italian Baroque, together with Vivaldi, Corelli and Locatelli. The greatest part of his works however is mostly unknown. Therefore, Brilliant Classics plans to issue a substantial series of his works, starting with this first recording of the complete Trattenimenti Armonici. A series of 12 sonatas, for violin, cello and instrumental ensemble, in Sonata da Chiesa style: small scale, alternating fast and slow movements. The violin has a leading role in the typically Italian vocal writing of the solo part.


Messiah OverturePlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player30");"For Behold, Darkness Will Cover the Earth"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player31");"Glory To God"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player32");"For Unto Us A Child Is Born"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player34");"Hallelujah"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player35");"Hallelujah"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player36"); Ode for St. Cecilia's Day - Ken Whitcomb OverturePlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -over.mp3");so.write("audio-player42");"From harmony,from heav'nly harmony" Opening recitative and aria (tenor)Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player43");"From Harmony" ChorusPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player44");"What Passion Cannot Music Raise and Quell?" Soprano ariaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player45");"The trumpet's loud clangour" Tenor aria and chorusPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player46");"March"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player47");"The soft complaining flute" Soprano ariaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player48");"Sharp violins proclaim" Tenor ariaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player49");"But Oh, What Art Can Teach!" Soprano ariaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player50");"Orpheus could lead the savage race" Soprano ariaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player51");"But bright Cecilia." Soprano recitativePlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player52");"As from the pow'r of sacred lays." Final chorusPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player53"); Samson - Ken Whitcomb "Awake the Trumpet's Lofty Sound"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player58");"Let the Bright Seraphim"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player59");"Total Eclipse!"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player60"); Semele - Ken Whitcomb "Iris, hence away!"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player65");"O Sleep, Why Dost Thou Leave Me? "Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player66");"Where'er you walk"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player67");"And with the blast of thy nostrils" from Israel in Egypt. Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player71");"Waft her, angels" from JephthaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player72");"O God Who In Thy Heav'nly Hand" from Joseph and His BrethrenPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player73");"See the Raging Flames Arise" from JoshuaPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player75");"All His Mercies Shall Endure" from The Occasional OratorioPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " _his.mp3");so.write("audio-player76");"Dead March" from SaulPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player77");"May no rash intruder" chorus from SolomonPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player79");"Blest Be The Hand" from TheodoraPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player80"); Operas "V'adoro, pupille" from Giulio Cesare in EgittoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player89");"Va tacito" from Giulio Cesare in EgittoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -tacit.mp3");so.write("audio-player90");"Cara Sposa," from Rinaldo Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player92");"Lascia ch'io pianga" from RinaldoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player93");"Dove sei, amato bene" from Rodelinda, regina de'LongobardiPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player94");"Mio caro bene" from Rodelinda, regina de'LongobardiPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player96");March from ScipionePlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player97");"Se Fiera" a tenor aria from Tolomeo, Re d'Egitto.Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -fiera.mp3");so.write("audio-player98");"Vivi tiranno" from Tolomeo, Re d'EgittoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player100");"Largo" from XerxesPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player101");"Largo" from XerxesPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player102"); Occasional MusicHymn and Alleluia Amen from "The Wedding Anthem for Princess Anne"Please install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player112");Rejoice from The Dettingen Te DeumPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player113");Zadok the PriestPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player115");Zadok the PriestPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player116"); Instrumental and Chamber Music : Concertos Keyboard Music Sonatas ConcertosConcerto For Clarinet and Strings (arr. for clarinet and piano) - Matt Johnson 1st. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -ct-1.mp3");so.write("audio-player133");2nd. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -ct-2.mp3");so.write("audio-player134"); Concerto No.3 for Oboe in G min, (arr. for clarinet and piano) - Louis Rubens GravePlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player139");AllegroPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player140");Sarabande: largoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player141");AllegroPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player142"); Concerto for Organ in F, (Op.4 No.4) - Lloyd Thompkins / Randy Reid 1st. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -4a.mp3");so.write("audio-player148");2nd. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -4b.mp3");so.write("audio-player149");3rd. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -4c.mp3");so.write("audio-player150"); Concerto for Organ F (Op.7 No.7) Ken Whitcomb LarghettoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player155");AllegroPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player156");AdagioPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player157");AllegroPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player158");LarghettoPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " ");so.write("audio-player159");Concerto in F - (Op.4 No.5) (Arranged for Flute and Guitar) 1st. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -5a.mp3");so.write("audio-player165");2nd. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addVariable("rurl", " -5b.mp3");so.write("audio-player166");3rd. MovementPlease install flash ...var so = new SWFObject(" ", "audio player", "21", "22", "6", "#ffffff");so.addV


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