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Download PDF of Ar-Risalah Al-Qusyairiyah, the Authoritative Source of Sufi Knowledge by Al-Qushayri


Download Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah PDF




If you are interested in learning more about Sufism, the mystical branch of Islam, you might want to read one of the most influential and comprehensive books on this topic: Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah. This book, written by a renowned Sufi scholar and teacher, covers various aspects of Sufi doctrine, practice, and history. In this article, we will introduce you to this book, its author, its content, and its benefits. We will also show you how to download Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah PDF for free from various online sources.


Introduction




Sufism is a term that refers to the inner, spiritual dimension of Islam. It is based on the belief that there is a direct and personal connection between God and the human soul, and that this connection can be achieved through various methods of purification, devotion, and contemplation. Sufism has a rich and diverse history, spanning over 14 centuries and many regions and cultures. Sufism has also produced many works of literature, poetry, art, music, and philosophy that express its mystical vision and insights.




download kitab ar-risalah al qusyairiyah pdf



What is Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah?




Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah (The Qushayriyyan Epistle on the Science of Sufism) is one of the earliest and most comprehensive manuals of Sufism. It was written in 438/10456 by Abu al-Qasim al-Qushayri (d. 465/1074), a famous Sufi master and scholar from Nishapur, Iran. The book is divided into three parts: the first part contains biographies of 83 Sufi saints who exemplified the adherence to Islamic law and ethics; the second part explains 28 expressions used by the Sufis to describe their experiences and states; and the third part describes 40 stations and states that mark the stages of the Sufi path.


Who is the author of Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah?




The author of Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah is Abu al-Qasim Abd al-Karim ibn Hawazin al-Qushayri (376/986465/1074). He was born in Nishapur, a major center of Islamic learning and culture in the eastern part of Iran. He came from a noble family that traced its lineage to the Prophet Muhammad. He studied Islamic sciences under various teachers, including the famous jurist and theologian al-Ash'ari (d. 324/936). He also joined the Sufi order of al-Sulami (d. 412/1021), who was his main spiritual guide and mentor. He became a respected authority on both exoteric and esoteric aspects of Islam, and taught many students who later became prominent Sufi figures. He wrote several books on Sufism, theology, Quranic exegesis, and ethics, but his most famous work is Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah, which he dedicated to his son.


Why is Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah important for Sufism?




Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah is considered one of the most important and influential works on Sufism for several reasons. First, it provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of the Sufi doctrine, practice, and history, based on the teachings of the early Sufi masters and the Quran and Sunnah. Second, it demonstrates the compatibility and harmony between Sufism and Sunni Islam, especially the Ash'ari school of theology, which was dominant at the time. Third, it reflects the diversity and richness of the Sufi tradition, by quoting from various sources and schools of thought, and by presenting different opinions and perspectives on controversial issues. Fourth, it serves as a source of inspiration and guidance for Sufi seekers, by offering practical advice and moral lessons on how to attain spiritual perfection and closeness to God.


Content of Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah




Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah consists of three main parts, each containing several chapters. The following is a brief summary of each part:


Part one: On the Shaykhs of This Way




This part contains 83 biographies of the early Sufi saints who lived between the 2nd/8th and 5th/11th centuries. These include famous figures such as Hasan al-Basri (d. 110/728), Ibrahim ibn Adham (d. 161/777), Rabi'a al-'Adawiyya (d. 185/801), Abu Yazid al-Bistami (d. 261/875), Junayd al-Baghdadi (d. 298/910), Mansur al-Hallaj (d. 309/922), Abu al-Qasim al-Junayd (d. 371/981), Abu Sa'id al-Kharraz (d. 286/899), Abu Bakr al-Shibli (d. 334/945), Abu Nasr al-Sarraj (d. 378/988), Abu 'Ali al-Daqqaq (d. 405/1014), Abu 'Abd Allah al-Harawi (d. 481/1089), and many others. Each biography contains information about the saint's life, teachings, miracles, virtues, and sayings.


Part two: On the expressions of the Sufis




This part explains 28 terms or phrases that are commonly used by the Sufis to describe their spiritual experiences and states. These include: love (mahabba), sincerity (ikhlas), repentance (tawba), patience (sabr), gratitude (shukr), contentment (rida), trust in God (tawakkul), fear (khawf), hope (raja'), poverty (faqr), renunciation (zuhd), intimacy (uns), gnosis ('irfan), witnessing (mushahada), unveiling (kashf), ecstasy (wajd), annihilation (fana'), subsistence (baqa'), attraction (jadhba), audition (sama'), intoxication (sukr), sobriety ('aql), proximity (qurb), remoteness (bu'd), union (wusul), separation (firaq), and subsistence in annihilation (baqa' fi al-fana'). Each expression is defined, explained, and illustrated with examples from the Quran, the Sunnah, and the sayings of the Sufis.


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Part three: On the stations and states of the Sufis




This part describes 40 stages or levels that the Sufis go through in their journey towards God. These include: repentance (tawba), abstinence (wara'), renunciation (zuhd), poverty (faqr), patience (sabr), trust in God (tawakkul), contentment (rida'), gratitude (shukr), fear (khawf), hope (raja'), love (mahabba), sincerity (ikhlas), truthfulness (sidq), intention (niyya), will (irada), reliance (tawfiq), guidance (hidaya), assistance ('inaya), protection ('isma), blessing (baraka), opening (fath), light (nur), knowledge ('ilm), wisdom (hikma), gnosis ('irfan), witnessing (mushahada), unveiling (kashf), presence (hudur), intimacy (uns), ecstasy (wajd), attraction (jadhba), audition (sama'), intoxication (sukr), sobriety ('aql), annihilation in God's attributes (fana' fi al-sifat), annihilation in God's essence (fana' fi al-dhat), subsistence by God's attributes (user)(#message) Continue writing the article. [assistant](#message) (baqa' bi al-sifat), subsistence by God's essence (baqa' bi al-dhat), subsistence in annihilation by God's attributes and essence (baqa' fi al-fana' bi al-sifat wa al-dhat), proximity to God (qurb ila Allah), and union with God (wusul ila Allah). Each station or state is defined, explained, and illustrated with examples from the Quran, the Sunnah, and the sayings of the Sufis.


Benefits of reading Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah




Reading Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah can have many benefits for anyone who wants to learn more about Sufism or to practice it. Some of these benefits are:


To learn about the history and development of Sufism




Kitab Ar-Risalah Al Qusyairiyah provides a valuable historical account of the origins and evolution of Sufism, from its early roots in the Quran and Sunnah, to its various schools and branches, to its interactions with other Isla


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